Monthly Archives: May 2015

Construction sector in India is one sector which is relatively the most unorganized sector. Understanding of the past as well as current practices, have reach to a certain level of conclusion that construction sector practices in India are inadequate and its performance will continue to decline as projects become more uncertain, complex and pressed for speed. Also construction industry has an unfortunate record on innovation when compared to other industries such as manufacturing.

The problems of construction sector are well known. Organizations in India reasonably focus on the scheduling and planning of the construction projects but in reality lead to cost and time over runs. To avoid such over runs, quality is disregarded and subsequently gets deteriorated. Occupational safety is notoriously worse than in other industries. Sometimes due to inferior working conditions, there are also work force shortages in construction sector. All these factors results into low returns and loss of big projects to international firms indicating real problems of competitiveness in construction firms in India.

Construction projects involve several groups such as owners, designers, general contractor, sub-contractors and suppliers their coordination is crucial to the success. There is a pressing need to develop and improve current construction process.

Output of the construction projects has two major concerns:

Productivity (In terms of cost, time and material used)

Quality (Material used and of the final product)

Manufacturing has always been the reference point on innovations for other industries. Another development trend in manufacturing which is having a great impact is Lean Management, Lean concept originates from manufacturing industry thought of by Eiiji Toyoda and Taiichi Ohno who studied the production system of Ford Motors.

Lean Management through its Total Flow Management (TFM) views that the organizations should be analyzed through its various flows like from order to cash, from raw materials to delivery etc. and not through departments. This will buttress the current CPM/PERT techniques used in the sector there by reducing the Through Put Time (TPT).

Inventory is managed on the basis of the schedules planned but learned results shows that it either end up over stocking or stock out situations, which are the two key elements of the inventory devil. Both are equally dangerous which impact the bottom line profits of the organization. Lean Management principles, through its Total Service Management (TSM) model helps organizations develop individual Inventory Models for Raw materials, Work In Progress etc. leading to JIT across the supply chain. Inventory is no more in the warehouse but unloaded directly in the supermarkets created to point of use.

Total Quality management (TQM) would keep a track on the variance between expected quality standards and the resulting standards in the continual basis. All the tools integrated well within the organizations will lead to more practical solutions to let alone cost and time over runs in construction projects.

Prior observations on sites and also of organizations have indicated that wastages in construction industry in India are quite high and process improvement may help it become more efficient and competitive in India as well as globally.

Selecting the principles and Lean tools most suited to the Indian construction industry are of utmost importance.

The formulation of theoretical foundation (Model) for lean construction by abstracting the core concepts of Lean Management by using it as source of innovation also integrating it with tools of current project management and applying them to the management of construction processes is key to profitability in the construction sector.

Author: – Manisha Goyal

Manisha Goyal, student of MTM, CEPT along with her guide: Nilesh Arora, Director, Add Value Consulting Inc. (AVCI), the leading global lean manufacturing training & consulting firm assisting organizations transform in Totality by lean training, workshops, counselling.

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For most people, it is very hard to work full time and attend school for a Masters in Business Administration (MBA) degree. The cost of the programs can be prohibitive and the time involved, after a long day of work, is difficult to find. This is especially so for people with families. However, that does not mean that your commitment to your career is any less than those people who do manage to pursue study in MBA programs. Now there are alternatives for you to receive great management training without the need to spend the time or a lot of money on extensive courses and programs. You can essentially receive a free MBA or what is sometimes referred to as an “EMBA” by utilizing materials available online.

While a free MBA is not technically “free”, it may feel so relative to the cost of full MBA programs. Online companies create and offer to you full MBA training modules and training materials. There can be different ways that the payments are structured but some will simply have you sign up for a membership for a flat fee (this can be less than one hundred dollars even) and you can receive all of the EMBA materials you need – and at your own pace and timing, too.

You will find training materials that cover all of the topics that would be relevant in a management role and that are covered in management programs. These materials are designed for people in any industry and at any stage of their careers—from younger, entry level workers looking to advance their careers quickly to more seasoned and experienced employees that want to ensure they remain fresh and current on new concepts and approaches to management. Topics are also relevant to any business type from local to even the largest global enterprises.

You will be pleased to learn the scope of topics that are covered in the EMBA study materials. An example is organizational behaviour. Within this category, there can be as many as 20 identified sub-categories. Each of these has a seemingly unlimited number of training presentations, videos or tips that go along with it. Within business communication, you may find training modules on anything from oral or written communication to communication barriers to effective meetings and presentation skills and more. This is just one of a large number of examples of the detail you will benefit from when you look for a good free MBA website.

So, if you are in the market for some support in your career but cannot manage both full time school and full time work, know that you have options and find yours today.

For more information EMBA please visit

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Cold chain management is the control, maintenance and distribution of products preserved in certain conditions. The controlled management helps to store and extend the life of items such cereals, pharmaceuticals, food substances, flowers and vaccines and are kept at certain determined temperatures to maintain their freshness.

Temperature levels are monitored continuously from production by the manufactures, during their transportation period and storage. Special measuring devices are used such as temperature detectors which have integrated sensors and are able to record humidity levels of a commodity that requires a cool dry area.

Vaccines require proper handling is a necessity as they need to be monitored to maintain proper conditions.  Manufactures require systems with good storage units and proper monitoring programs.

Recommended storage devices include refrigerators and freezers the item in storage should be placed in the center of the fridge to enable frequent air circulation. It should not be placed at the bottom or near the door of the device. Good preservation ensures effectiveness of the commodity.

Measuring instruments should be located adjacent to the item in store for proper temperature recording with minimized errors of temperature loss. Each measurement is recorded in files to aid in future analysis. Regular recordings are necessary for accuracy. Any fault detected in the system should immediately be fixed as it can harm the product.

The mode through which the product is transported requires regular supervision. The containers carrying the commodities need to be checked for their working conditions and its ability to detect changes and efficiency. Storage units must be able to work without external power supply and should have a wide space to handle many items without any failure or difficulty. Managing the commodity is a responsibility of everyone handling fresh produce. Failure to maintain the chain can cause deterioration of the product.

Containers should manage and absorb shocks when traveling to prevent damage of manufactured goods. Excellent containers are in a position to measure and record the interior and exterior environmental conditions during delivery to customers. They also have monitoring devices that can operate in extreme high or low temperatures.

Damaged items should be identified and marked. Within the cold chain management, two things must be done. They involve audit and assessment. Records are taken, systematically filed followed by an analysis.  Importance of management helps the customer receive fresh quality products for his or her satisfaction and therefore increasing demand of product. Since exportation of products involves long journeys, and frequent handling it makes effective chain management more difficult.

Find a brief summary of the things to keep in mind when choosing a cold chain management system and more information about a reliable provider of cold chain management, , barcode and RFID solutions at

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