In spite of the fact that project task durations are often conservatively estimated to begin with, the presence of certain behaviors can cause them to increase even more. Critical Chain Project Management and project scheduling eliminates these behaviors and reduces project lead times.

Four behaviors make project durations longer than necessary.

Deliberate Padding

Once the people doing the work have conservatively estimated their tasks, the estimates are then passed through several layers of management where they are increased even more. Because managers feel they must protect their own performance, in many organizations task estimates are not treated as “estimates,” they are treated as “commitments.” People don’t want to be late on commitments, thus, they “pad” their estimates of how long a given task will take.

Student Syndrome

“Student syndrome” is a term that pertains to the psychology of procrastinating, something students are particularly prone to do. The analogy is to students who are going to take a test. When do they study for it? The night before! Why? Because they have much more important things to do! Often in projects, people start too late, using their safety time to work on other things, thinking they still have enough time to complete the task on time. After they begin the task, they run into problems, causing it to take even longer than the original padded estimate. The student syndrome causes longer durations because some of the time needed to complete a task is lost when it’s started too late or even when it’s started “just in time.” Then, Murphy causes the task to take even longer.

This “Murphy” is really two things: common cause process variation and special cause process variation. The two types of variation are not differentiated in the text, but in the implementation, must be treated differently. Common cause variation can be predicted and managed using the CCPM approach. Special cause variation must be treated separately in a risk analysis process.

Bad Multitasking

Multitasking occurs when an individual is working on more than one task at the same time. There are two kinds of multitasking: good and bad. Good multitasking is moving two or more tasks along together smoothly, such as catching up on customer calls while heading to a meeting. On the other hand, bad multitasking is anything but smooth. It’s the dropping of work on one task before it is finished in order to start another, only to stop and begin yet another task or go back to a previous task. All too often, people aren’t able to complete a task without getting pulled off onto something else, so “task time” grows each time a change is necessary. Goldratt wants you to see that the majority of task completion time is not used for the actual work, but is waiting or queue time. Tasks ready to be worked on cannot be worked on because there is no available resource. If the estimates are too long, during execution the actual time will grow even longer! No wonder projects consistently finish late and over budget.

Parkinson’s Law

Parkinson’s Law states the amount of work rises to fill the time available to complete it. In projects, it means that early task completions are never reported. Resources will continue to work on “improving” their task or will simply find something else to do until the due date of that task. In any case, the result to the project is that only the late finishes are recognized, so the only way a project timeline moves is out.

These two behaviors, student syndrome and multi-tasking, have the same root cause – the lack of clear priorities. Student syndrome occurs when you believe the real due date is distant relative to the amount of time needed to complete the task, while bad multitasking is caused by not recognizing the real priority of tasks until they become late relative to the “need by” date.

Why Do Projects Take So Long?

We add too much time to the original plan. We allow x amount of time, so it takes x amount of time.
Our resources multi-task, adding unnecessary work (additional setups) to the project
The Student Syndrome causes us to waste whatever buffer we did have, adding more time to our already generous estimates.
Parkinson’s Law blocks us from taking advantage of any favorable variation (tasks finishing early) the project experiences.

Implications for Project Management

Critical chain seeks to reduce / eliminate these behaviors, and therefore they are not planned for in the project. We can overcome deliberate padding, student syndrome, bad multitasking and Parkinson’s Law through better management and communication.

By eliminating these behaviors from our projects, the time to finish the project is reduced.

After removing the safety time from these tasks, the critical path is shortened significantly. These are the reasons that projects managed using the critical chain method consistently finish in less time than projects that do not use this approach.

For his entire career Mark Woeppel has been challenging the status quo in organizations, helping to make changes that matter. He is founder and president of Pinnacle Strategies, a consulting firm delivering Critical Chain CCPM implementation and training. He is the author of Projects in Less Time: A Synopsis of Critical Chain.

In this competition driven world, you need to use the most ingenious techniques to be on top. You cannot think of winning the accolades of your clients while using obsolete and outdated modes. For everything, right from employee management, resource planning, strategizing, production to execution, you need the use of best method to gain fruitful results. You need to maximize your production and minimize your production time. But, with the advent of the state-of-the-art technologies, you need not worry about the same. If you want to adequately manage your project, you can simply use project management software.

When you enquire your marketing team, you will get to know the various efforts which they put in to grab the attention of your prospective customers. They use exclusive marketing strategies to ignite the interest of your client. Then they entice your target customers, elaborate the significant features of your company and finally win their confidence. So, getting a project involves various techniques and marketing specialities. So, you would definitely want to make the client your permanent one by completing their project in time and offer the best results. Project portfolio management software will greatly help you in the same.

As you get a project, you cannot simply start working on it. You need to first access the project objective, the resources required for the same, the techniques to be used, the money to be invested, the time to be dedicated and so on. If you start doing all the calculations manually, it will take days or weeks at length. As you are well aware that there are various competitors in the market who are also working to win your client, you need to give your best to please your client. If you complete the project before time with best results, you can make the client your permanent one.

So, to minimize your time taken and to get the most accurate results, you can use Project management software. The software is designed by experts, wherein you will just have to fill the data and you will get to know all the requirements to complete the project successfully. You can easily match the resources with the project according to their specialities and qualification. At the end, you will not only find that you have completed the work before the target, but have also eliminated any additionally cost, misuse of the manpower or chaos.

The author is an experienced Content writer and publisher on the topics related to Project management software and project portfolio management software for more details please visit

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The project template is designed for business that will help shorten plenty of time that is necessary tin the creation with the needed documents associated using a project. This really is possible ever since the template is a preformatted document and so the project manager doesn’t possess to start from abrasion.

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I have had to jot down a fair few project documents with my time, but the professionalism of project templates are first rate. The reason so many businesses are utilizing a project template with the creation of the proper documentation because of their processes and supporting tasks is always to help progress the project from the considering stage to its execution phase in a timely manner. No longer does a lending broker have the luxury with taking their time from this process. This is mainly with the changing condition brought about by way of the global market. A business case carries the reasoning for beginning a project or undertaking. The logic of this company case is that, whenever resources such for the reason that money or effort can be consumed, they should be in support of an specific business need.

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To help in every single conceivable aspect of this is the project template for each in the nine different processes designed to make up an usual project. Each made is custom for each process it was organized to document. This will cover every piece of information of those processes which means few if any questions will probably need to be asked by the project team should the document is accomplished.

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The use of a project template will likewise bring consistency to ones documentation process. This can allow for easier reviews with the data it contains for thinking about time for approving the document and once the info ration should be applied in the execution phase. To date there is not a much better or quicker methods for producing top quality and accurate documents to get a project.

Project management templates present you with an array of project management tools which might be tailored to any project, by using straightforward, easy to follow step by-step guides that will help you complete the document whenever you need. All this project management templates are generally written by experienced trainers, who have drawn when years of experience across a wide array of organization.

If you’re still wondering about how to create professional project management documentation, you might like to check out Project Management Templates Review to explore the product as well as Team credibility, or… Is Project Management Templates Scam or a legitimate product? Find all the answers on [] now!

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